LJUDMILA MIJAILIVNA PAVLICHENKO



lyudmila-pavlichenko.jpg

 Lyudmila Pavlichenko nació en una pequeña aldea de Belaya Tserkov en Ucrania el 12 de Julio de 1.916, sobre su infancia se destaca que fue una excelente estudiante, pero a sus catorce años sus padres se trasladan a Kiev, la capital Ucraniana, y es allí cuando se une al club de tiro y también se destaca como tiradora al tiempo que trabaja en un molino.A sus 25 años Pavlichenko se encontraba estudiando historia en la universidad de Kiev, corría el año 1.941 y Hitler puso en movimiento la Operación Barba Roja, con la que comenzaba la guerra de Alemania contra la Unión Soviética, Pavlichenko se alistó de inmediato y aunque en un principio le dieron cargo en enfermería, molesta con el reclutador le mostró su certificado de puntería, así fue aceptada y asignada a la 25ª división de infantería.Poco más de dos meses Pavlichenko luchó en la ciudad de Odessa y en total se cuenta que eliminó a 190 enemigos, hasta que los alemanes tomaron en su totalidad la ciudad y su unidad fue trasladada.Lyudmila alcanzó el grado de teniente y en su haber se confirmaron 309 bajas enemigas, de las cuales 36 eran francotiradores alemanes.En junio de 1942 fue herida por fuego de mortero. Dada su condición de heroína, fue retirada del frente menos de un mes después de recuperarse de sus heridas. Fue enviada a Canadá y los Estados Unidos para una visita de propaganda, y se convirtió en el primer ciudadano soviético en ser recibido por un Presidente de los Estados Unidos, el presidente Franklin D. Roosevelt y su esposa la recibieron en la Casa Blanca. Más tarde, Eleanor Roosevelt la invitó a recorrer los Estados Unidos relatando sus experiencias. Apareció antes en la Asamblea Internacional de Estudiantes, que tuvo lugar en Washington, D.C., siendo recibida como una heroína. Más tarde asistió a reuniones en el Congreso de Organizaciones Industriales, realizó apariciones y discursos en Nueva York. En Canadá, fue obsequiada con un rifle Winchester con mira óptica, el cual se exhibe hoy en el Museo Central de las Fuerzas Armadas en Moscú.Habiendo alcanzado el rango de Comandante, ya no regresó al frente, sino que, como instructora, entrenó a cientos de francotiradores soviéticos antes del fin de la guerra. 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MJHpWPBtEwQ&feature=player_embedded  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jDO6n7GuslA&feature=player_embedded

En 1943 recibió la Estrella de Oro de la condecoración de Héroe de la Unión Soviética. Tras la guerra, terminó su formación en la Universidad de Kiev y empezó su carrera como historiadora. Entre 1945 y 1953 fue ayudante del Cuartel General Principal de la Armada Soviética (participando además en numeras conferencias y congresos internacionales). Más tarde, fue miembro activo del Comité Soviético de Veteranos de Guerra.De las poco más de dos mil francotiradoras soviéticas sólo sobrevivieron cerca de quinientos.Pavlichenko murió el 10 de Octubre de 1.974.

Lyudmyla Pavlichenko está enterrada en el Cementerio Novodevichy en Moscú.

 

                                                  FRATERNALMENTE

                                            LUIS ROMERO YAHUACHI

10 thoughts on “LJUDMILA MIJAILIVNA PAVLICHENKO

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